RGAA 3.0 - Rule 1.8.1

Summary

This test consists in detecting informative images and thus defining the applicability of the test.

Human check will be then needed to determine whether the detected elements containing text can be replaced by styled text.

Business description

Criterion

1.8

Test

1.8.1

Description

When an alternate mechanism is missing, each image of text (img tag) conveying information must be replaced with styled text, if possible. Has this rule been followed (except in particular cases)?

Level

AA

Technical description

Scope

Page

Decision level

Semi-Decidable

Algorithm

Selection

Set1

All the <img> tags of the page not identified as captcha (see Notes about captcha detection) (css selector : img)

Set2

All the elements of Set1 identified as informative image by marker usage (see Notes for details about detection through marker)

Set3

All the elements of Set1 identified neither as informative image, nor as decorative image by marker usage (see Notes for details about detection through marker)

Process

Test1

For each element of Set2, raise a MessageA

Test2

For each element of Set3, raise a MessageB

MessageA : Check text styled presence of informative image
  • code : CheckStyledTextPresenceOfInformativeImage
  • status: Pre-Qualified
  • parameter : "src" attribute, tag name, snippet
  • present in source : yes
MessageB : Check nature of image and text styled presence
  • code : CheckNatureOfImageAndStyledTextPresence
  • status: Pre-Qualified
  • parameter : "src" attribute, tag name, snippet
  • present in source : yes

Analysis

Not Applicable

The page has no tag (Set1 is empty)

Pre-Qualified

In all other cases

Notes

Markers

Informative images markers are set through the INFORMATIVE_IMAGE_MARKER parameter.

Decorative images markers are set through the DECORATIVE_IMAGE_MARKER parameter.

The value(s) passed as marker(s) will be checked against the following attributes:

  • class
  • id
  • role

Captcha detection

An element is identified as a CAPTCHA when the "captcha" occurrence is found :

  • on one attribute of the element
  • or within the text of the element
  • or on one attribute of one parent of the element
  • or within the text of one parent of the element
  • or on one attribute of a sibling of the element
  • or within the text of a sibling of the element

TestCases

TestCases files for rule 1.8.1