Rule 1.1.5

Summary

This test consists in checking whether each <svg> tag, carrying information, owns a textual alternative.

Business description

Criterion

1.1

Test

1.1.5

Description

Chaque image vectorielle (balise <svg>) porteuse d’information, vérifie-t-elle ces conditions ?

Level

A

Technical description

Scope

Page

Decision level

Decidable with marker

Algorithm

Selection

Set1

All the <svg> tags, not within a link and not identified as captcha (see Notes about captcha detection)

Set2

All the elements of Set1 identified as informative image by marker usage (see Notes for details about detection through marker)

Set3

All the elements of Set1 identified neither as informative image, nor as decorative image by marker usage (see Notes for details about detection through marker)

Process

Test1

For each element of Set2, check whether the tag contains a role="img" attribute.

For each occurrence of false-result of Test1, raise a MessageA.

Test2

For each element of Set2, check whether the tag owns a textual alternative (see Notes for details about textual alternative detection).

For each occurrence of false-result of Test2, raise a MessageB.

Test3

For each element of Set3, check whether the tag contains a role="img" attribute.

For each occurrence of true-result of Test3, raise a MessageC.

For each occurrence of false-result of Test3, raise a MessageD.

Test4

For each element of Set3, check whether the tag owns a textual alternative (see Notes for details about textual alternative detection).

For each occurrence of true-result of Test4, raise a MessageE.

For each occurrence of false-result of Test4, raise a MessageF.

Messages

MessageA
  • code : AltMissing
  • status: Failed
  • parameter : "role" attribute, "aria-label" attribute, "computed accessible name"
  • present in source : yes
MessageB
  • code : CheckNatureOfElementWithTextualAlternative
  • status: Pre-Qualified
  • parameter : "role" attribute, "aria-label" attribute, "computed accessible name", tag name
  • present in source : yes
MessageC
  • code : CheckNatureOfElementWithoutTextualAlternative
  • status: Pre-Qualified
  • parameter : "role" attribute, "aria-label" attribute, "computed accessible name", tag name
  • present in source : yes

Analysis

Not Applicable

The page has no <svg> tag (Set1 is empty)

Failed

At least one <svg> tag, identified as informative, has no textual alternative (Test1 returns false for at least one element)

Pre-qualified

In all other cases

Notes

Textual alternative detection

The textual alternative can be set by the presence of any the following elements :

  • Text associated via the aria-labelledby WAI-ARIA attribute
  • Presence of an aria-label WAI-ARIA attribute

That order has to be respected to compute the textual alternative.

For instance, if some text associated via the aria-labelledby WAI-ARIA attribute and an aria-label WAI-ARIA attribute are both present, the content of the text associated via the aria-labelledby WAI-ARIA attribute is considered as the textual alternative.

Markers

Informative images markers are set through the INFORMATIVE_IMAGE_MARKER parameter.

Decorative images markers are set through the DECORATIVE_IMAGE_MARKER parameter.

The value(s) passed as marker(s) will be checked against the following attributes:

  • class
  • id
  • role

Captcha detection

An element is identified as a CAPTCHA when the “captcha” occurrence is found :

  • on one attribute of the element
  • or within the text of the element
  • or on one attribute of one parent of the element
  • or within the text of one parent of the element
  • or on one attribute of a sibling of the element
  • or within the text of a sibling of the element

Files